Feed back experience shows that there is in Europe a need for Workshops which are neither a big congress nor a collection of working groups with lots of different meetings, but which over a few days provide a forum for a few dozen experts to exchange feedback experience and to identify problems that need further research or development. Therefore the Network has organised and will continue to organise such type of Workshop once a year.
The subject is selected in order to cover domains where the Network Steering Committee Group estimates that many improvements in terms of ALARA implementation may be found. All papers are invited presentations. To promote discussions, appropriate time is made available for work in small groups and the number attending the workshop is limited to a few dozens experts. The language of the Workshops is English.
At the end of each Workshop the chairpersons and the working groups propose to the participants some recommendations to the EC and national regulatory bodies and other stakeholders corresponding to the feedback from the sessions of the Workshop. These recommendations are validated by the Network Steering Committee Group and send to the Commission and to other appropriate stakeholders.

  1. "ALARA and Decommissioning", Saclay, France, December 1997
  2. "Good Radiation Practices in Industry and Research", Chilton, UK, November 1998
  3. "Managing Internal Exposure", Neuherberg, Germany, November 1999
  4. "Management of Occupational Radiological and Non-radiological Risks: Lessons to be Learned", Antwerp, Belgium, November 2000
  5. "Industrial Radiography: Improvements in Radiation Protection", Rome, Italy, October 2001
  6. "Occupational Exposure Optimisation in the Medical and the Radiopharmaceutical Sectors", Madrid, Spain, October 2002
  7. "Decommissiong of Installations and Site Remediation", Arnhem, The Netherlands, October 2003
  8. "Occupational Radiological Protection Control through Inspection and Self-assessment", Uppsala, Sweden, September 2004
  9. "Occupational Exposure to Natural Radiation", Augsburg, Germany, October 2005
  10. "Experience and new Developments in Implementing ALARA in Occupational, Patient and Public Exposures", Prague, Czech Republic, 12-15 September 2006
  11. "ALARA in Radioactive Waste Management", Athens, Greece, 9-11 April 2008
  12. "ALARA issues arising for Safety and Security of Radiation Sources and Security Screening Devices", Vienna, Austria, 21-23 October 2009
  13. "ALARA and the Medical Sector", Oscarborg Fortress, Norway, 7-10 June 2011
  14. "ALARA in existing exposure situations", Dublin Castle, Ireland, 4-6 September 2012
  15. "Improving ALARA Culture through Education and Training", Rovinj, Croatia, 7-9 May 2014
  16. "ALARA in Industrial Radiography", Bern, Switzerland, 14-16 March 2016
  17. "ALARA in Emergency Exposure Situations", Lisbon, Portugal, 15-17 May 2017
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16th European ALARA Network Workshop, Berne, Switzerland, 14 – 16 March 2016

"ALARA in Industrial Radiography - How can it be improved?"

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Aims and objectives

Industrial radiography (for non-destructive testing (NDT)) using gamma and X-ray sources is a long-established and widespread practice. A key radiation protection principle is optimisation, to ensure that the radiation exposure of radiography workers and other persons is As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). In 2001, in Rome, the 5th EAN Workshop specifically considered ALARA in industrial radiography. It was concluded that ALARA was not always being achieved, and improvements in radiography equipment, working procedures, training and safety culture were recommended. Since then, industrial radiography has remained an area of concern in radiation protection, due to the levels of radiation exposure received and, in particular, the number and magnitude of accidental exposures. Consequently, EAN has decided to re-visit this topic. 

The objectives of the workshop are:

  • To review the conclusions and recommendations of the 5th EAN workshop, held in Rome in 2001, and determine whether any real improvements have been made (see link in the right column). 
  • To ask what else might be done to improve radiation safety in industrial radiography and ensure that exposures are ALARA.

The workshop consisted of presentations (oral and posters) intended to highlight the main issues, and a significant part of the program was devoted to discussions within working groups. From these discussions, participants are expected to produce recommendations on ALARA in industrial radiography, which are addressed to relevant local, national and international stakeholders.

Working Groups

As part of the programme, time has been devoted for discussions between participants (divided in four working groups). The working groups have tackled issues such as :

  1. Radiography equipment: can we make it safer (WG1)?
  2. Learning from radiography accidents: how do we stop them from happening again (WG2)?
  3. Training and Safety Culture: how can these be improved (WG3)?
  4. The ALARA process in radiography: setting suitable dose and risk constraints (WG4).

Presentations

Session 1 - Setting the scene

Session 2 - Industrial Radiography Equipment

Session 3 - Learning from Industrial Radiography Incidents

Session 4 - Education and Training and ALARA Culture

Session 5 - Conclusions and Recommendations

Posters