L. Davidson, 2020, Free to use under Unsplash Licence.
Why a Working Group?
Exposure to radon represents an important contribution to the exposure of the public and the workers to ionizing radiation. In Europe, the national regulations for the protection of workers against exposure to ionizing radiation and radon in particular have been updated with the implementation of the Council Directive 2013/59/Euratom. Compared with the former Directive, the number of workplaces potentially concerned by the regulation has increased and now include many workplaces not previously aware of radioactivity and without a radiation protection system in place. The management of radon can be challenging in practice and even for radiation protection specialists, radon might not be an easy problem to solve.
Therefore, it seems appropriate for the European ALARA Network (EAN) to engage the collection of the early feedbacks of the application of the new regulatory framework to identify why questions are raised and where difficulties are met to share it to a wider audience. This action could also be the opportunity to collect good practices to address radon and share it at the same time.
In March 2021, the Working Group ALARA for Radon at the Workplace (A-RAW) was set up. The working group developed a survey instrument to collect elements from national regulation and case studies in the management of radon. The working group actively disseminated the survey and collected feedbacks from Radiation Protection Authorities/Agencies (RPA) and National Insurance Fund. A synthesis of the collected feedbacks have been elaborated.
The objectives of the working group include sharing the results and the members are looking for the opportunities to present the result in conference and by the publication of an article.
- Minutes of the Meeting n°1, including the term of reference of the working group, March 2021
- Minutes of the Meeting n°2, June 2021
- Survey instrument, June 2021
- Minutes of the Meeting n°3, September 2021
- Data collected from 7 countries: Belgium, France, Ireland, Norway, Slovenia, Switzerland, United-Kingdom
- Abstract to IRPA Budapest Conference and presentation (2 June 2022)
can access here the 47th issue of the European ALARA Network Newsletter.
- Radiation Protection for ALARA implementation during MINERVA Design and Construction Phases;
- The United Kingdom Dental Guidance Note - 2nd edition;
- Irradiators with High Activity Sources to be Replaced
- Optimisation Actions of Remediation in a Legacy NORM site in Norway
- Life of EAN and relations with other organisations
The Editorial Board
You can access here the 46th issue of the European ALARA Network Newsletter.
- Theory and practice in the clean-up and support of the supervision of legacy sites in North-West Russia
- The implementation of the EU-BSS for NORM involving industries in the Italian context
- Aircrew exposure to cosmic radiation - Data update from France
- Feedback from NERIS 6th workshop
- Did you know that RT PCR test was derived from nuclear detection technique?
- Life of EAN and relations with other organisations
The Editorial Board.
You can access here the 45th issue of the European ALARA Network Newsletter.
The Graded approach for workplaces in the context of the implementation of Directive Euratom 2013/59
Contamination incidents during injection of radoopharmaceuticals an OTHEA/RELIR incident
Reminder about the OTHEA/RELIR
Action Plan to strengthen the radiological safety and security (of sources) in Switzerland (RADISS)
Fukushima+10 list of events
Life of EAN and relation with other organizations.
You can access here the 44th issue of the European ALARA Network Newsletter.
key principles in radiation protection can also apply to protection from Covid
new regulation for the protection against radon at work in France
optimization, rethinking the art of reasonable - NEA workshop
joint roadmap for radiation protection research - state of the art
guidance on using shielding on patients for diagnosis radiology applications
Events in ALARA
You can access here the 43th issue of the European ALARA Network Newsletter. This is a special issue on the challenges on ALARA in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic.
- The Impacts of Covid-19 pandemic on ALARA - Testimonies from EAN Members:
- Testimony from Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, Mr. F. Kabrt, Mrs E. Linder-Leschinski.
- Testimony from Nuclear Protection Evaluation Centre, France, Mr. S. Andresz.
- Testimony from Environmental Protection Agency, Ireland, Mr. H. Synnott.
- Testimony from Swiss Federal Office of Public Health, Mr. N. Stritt and colleagues.
- Testimony from Public Health England, Mrs. J. Morgan.
A Glimpse on Initiatives taken by several RP-related Organizations during the Covid-19 Pandemic
- IAEA Webinars: Maintaining the Highest Level of Radiation Protection During the Covid-19 Pandemic, Mr. O. Burcin, Mrs. L. Doicanova, IAEA
- Other initiatives : SHARE, SRP in United Kingdom, SFRP and EDP Sciences, World Nuclear News.
The Radium Action Plan in Switzerland 2015-2022, Mr. N. Stritt, Mrs. M. Palacios and colleagues
What's new in EAN?
The EAN Working Group on ALARA Culture has achieved the elaboration of a book on the ALARA principle. Optimization of Radiological Protection - ALARA: A Practical Guidebook intends to give a clear and practical picture of what is ALARA and how to apply it – and in line with the last recommendations and standards from international organizations. ALARA: A Practical Guidebook provides an extensive description of the ALARA principle, elaborates on the specificities of ALARA for the different exposure situations and is illustrated by more than 40 examples of application in different exposure situations: nuclear installation, medical facilities, 'natural' exposure, emergency exposure situations etc. The examples are coming from the real-life.
ALARA: A Practical Guidebook is addressed to organizations and peopled involved in radiation protection and its allied fields at work or having an interest in it – engineers and technicians, experts and managers etc. The Book can also be used as training material for teachers and students in radiation protection.
With ALARA: A Practical Guidebook, the Working Group and the EAN wishes to contribute to the awareness and education in radiation protection and in all its field of application. The objective is to participate to a wider and more uniform implementation of ALARA into practice, so to ensure the efficient optimisation of the exposures and the better protection of the people.
Optimization of Radiation Protection - ALARA: A Practical Guidebook (.pdf, 4.5 Mo), ISBN: 978-2_9569796-0-9 © 2019, The European ALARA Network Edition.
! 2 workshops in 1 !
PODIUM Dissemination workshop and EAN 19th workshop Innovative ALARA Tools
Athens, Greece, 26 and 27 – 28 November 2019
2nd announcement with preliminary programme here
registration website here
Aims and objectives of the workshops
Innovations in instrumentation, computing and information technology have provided numerous tools for improving our day-to-day lives. In the same way, new and innovative approaches to radiation protection (RP) could also be developed, in particular in the ALARA process. However, as with most new technologies, issues and challenges need to be identified and tackled. The PODIUM Project and the European ALARA Network have come together to organize a joint workshop to present PODIUM results, innovative ALARA tools and discuss broadly their use in advancing RP and ALARA.
PODIUM Workshop (26 Nov. 2019)
The main aim of the PODIUM project is the development of an online dosimetry application based on computer simulations without the use of physical dosemeters. Real movements of exposed workers captured by tracking tools have been used together with Monte Carlo simulations for the development of the application. The methodology has been applied in two crucial workplaces where improvements in dosimetry are urgently needed: neutron and interventional radiology workplaces. The availability of advanced online dosimetry applications such as these in the radiation protection field will increase awareness among workers and should improve the implementation of the ALARA principle.
During the dissemination of the project results's workshop, emphasis will be given on how exposed workers can be trained by using real-time dose results to effectively apply the ALARA principle.
EAN Workshop (27-28 Nov. 2019)
The objectives of the European ALARA Network workshop are:
- to present and review recent and emerging "innovative ALARA Tools” used in the different steps of the ALARA process: e.g. radiological characterization and evaluation of the exposure, planning and decision phases and follow-up and feedback.
- to investigate the benefits of the tools and identify potential limits in their application;
- to disseminate the knowledge on innovative ALARA Tools in support of the ALARA process;
- to investigate how innovative ALARA Tools and innovation may (re)shape the ALARA process for the next years: evolution or revolution?
A significant part of the EAN Workshop is devoted to discussions in Working Groups (each participant can participate in one Working Group). The provisional topics for discussion by the Working Groups are:
- Are there specific challenges in the ALARA process that may be solved by innovative “ALARA Tools” (under development or to be developed)?
- Are there specific issues which may limit the development and/or the use of innovative “ALARA Tools” (technical, legislative, ethical etc.)? How to deal with these issues?
- What is the role of the radiation protection professionnals (RPEs/MPEs/ RPOs, ...) with respect to these tools?
- There is currently a lot of focus on research and innovation in areas beyond that of traditional RP research, notably artificial intelligence. Does IA have the potential to shape the ALARA process in the next year?
The workshop conclusions and recommendations will summarise the main points of the presentations and the discussions held during the Working Groups.
Second announcement (with programme) of the workshops is available.
The workshop was hosted by the Greek Atomic Energy Commission (EEAE) at the Congress Center of the National Centre for Scientific Research “Demokritos” (Patr. Gregoriou E & 27 Neapoleos Str, 15341 Agia Paraskevi, Athens).
Session 1 - Innovative ALARA tools in radiological characterization and first evaluation (Chair: Mr. F. Vermeersch)
- Introduction and setting the scene (F. Vermeersch, SCK•CEN)
- Use of drones in the assessment of uncommon exposure situations (J. Camps, SCK•CEN)
- Personal dose computation using monitoring systems and 3D cameras (M. Abdelrahman, SCK•CEN)
- The Way of CEN - Dose Assessment for Construction Products (B. Hoffman, BfS)
- In-vivo incorporation of radionuclides of workers: measurements vs. evaluation with GEANT4 (S. Medici, IRA)
Session 2 - Innovative ALARA tools in planning and decision (Chair: Mr. S. Andresz)
- The VISIPLAN software: to perform dose assessment under different scenarios (F. Vermeersch, SCK•CEN)
- ALARA, Ethics, the ICRP System and Innovation: Aligned? (Prof. J. Malone, Trinity College Dublin; Ireland)
- Introduction to working groups (S. Andresz, CEPN)
- Artificial intelligence in interventional techniques (Prof. E. Efstathopoulos, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)
- Decision aiding tools considering multiple criteria (T. Kenny, EPA)
- Manuela: an advanced 3D characterization material in NPP (B. Chagneau, Orano)
- Using RayXpert© Monte Carlo code to optimize radiological protections in a nuclear medicine service, B. Simony, C. Dossat, A. Ghilardi (TRAD), J. F. Rauch, L. Whitfield (Hôpital Albi)
Session 3 - Innovative ALARA tools for the follow-up and feedback (Chair: Mr. P. Croüail)
- The D-Schuttle for the collection, capitalization and broadcasting of radiological data after radiological events (W. Naito, P. Croüail, CEPN, AIST)
- Impact of the Euratom Directive on the need of follow up and feedback from activities (C. Pafilis, S. Economides, EEAE)
- Evolving Fluoro Worker Dosimetry (Prof. S. Balter, New York University)
Session 4 - Working Groups Reports
- Report from Working Group 1 (S. Medici, IRA) - Are there specific challenges in ALARA that may be solved by innovative tools?
- Report from Working Group 2 (F. Kabrt) - Are there specific issues that may limit the development of innovative ALARA tools?
- Report from Working Group 3 (F. Vermeersch, SCK•CEN) - What is the role of the radiation protection professional with regard to these ALARA tools?
- Report from Working Group 4 (S. Andresz, CEPN) - Does Artificial Intelligence has the potential to shape the ALARA process?
- Conclusions and Recommendations (tbw)
18th European ALARA Network Workshop [organized in collaboration with ISOE], Marcoule, France, 11 – 13 March 2019
"ALARA in Decommissioning and Site Remediation"
The participants (ICSM Marcoule, 11th March 2019).
Aims and objectives
The objectives of the workshop were:
- To present the regulatory background and latest guidance and
- standards regarding radiation protection for decommissioning and site remediation; both in the nuclear and the non-nuclear sectors.
- To examine the conceptual and the practical aspects of the optimisation (ALARA) principle in these fields for workers and the public. The workshop aims at gathering a large array of experience and feedback from work performed in nuclear installations, installations outside the nuclear fuel cycle (ex. research facilities) and legacy sites.
- To discuss and investigate selected key themes and overriding issues with regard to ALARA; to identify remaining needs and perspectives.
The workshop was jointly organized with the ISOE Working Group on Decommissioning (WG-DECOM).
The final programme is available here. As part of the programme, time was devoted for discussions in working groups between participants. A technical visit of Marcoule installations was organized.
Session 1 - Setting the scene
- CEA Marcoule Activities and Project — J.M. Carrere, CEA Marcoule
- The EAN in Collaboration in ISOE - Former EAN workshops on the theme — F. Vermeersch, SCK•CEN, EAN Chair
- ALARA in Decommissioning, the Point of View of ISOE WGDECOM — L. Vaillant, CEPN
- IAEA Safety standards for decommissioning and remediation, and their application — J. Rowat, International Atomic Energy Agency
- Creation of NEA Committee on Decommissioning and Legacy Management — G. Kwong, NEA
- Regulatory Requirements for Radiation Protection in Decommissioning in Germany — B. Rehs, BfE
Session 2 - ALARA for decommissioning and remediation of nuclear installations
- Scenarios and Strategy for Dismantling Hot Cell M2 at LHMA Installation, Mol — P. Antoine, SCK•CEN
- The Decommissioning of a Low Flux Reactor — F. Draaisma, NRG
- ALARA Approach Dismantling Pit 7 — F. Petitot, CEA & C. Durain, Orano
- Radiological Characterization to Lay the Foundation of ALARA. Experience from Mühleberg NPP — E. Neukäter, BKW
- The Decommissioning of Research Installations at CIEMAT in Madrid — J. C. Saez Vergara, CSN
- The site remediation of the FBFC fuel cycle facility in Dessel, Belgium — C. Mommaert, Bel V
- Full System Decontamination under ALARA Point of View — M. Knaack, TüV Nord
Session 3 - ALARA for decommissioning and remediation of site outside the nuclear sector
- The Radium Action Plan in Switzerland — M. Palacios, SFOPH
- Remediation of a Former Gas Mantle Factory Contaminated with Radioactive Thorium-232 — A. Lowe, PHE
- Radiation Protection in the Management of Radioactive Geological Material in Private Buildings — J. Amoudruz, IRSN
- Remediation and Release of the Randstad Uranium Mining and Milling Site — H. Efraimsson, SSM
Session 4 - Transversal issues: holistic approach and waste
- Mixed Alpha/Asbestos Risk Management at EDF DP2D— G. Ranchoux, EDF
- Choosing a Strategy for Waste: Recycling? Disposal? Experience from an Italian Agency — R. Rusconi, ARPA Lombardia
- Risk Management for Legacy Sites and Wastes: Implications for Proportionate Risk Management and a Graded Approach to Risk Assessment — G. Smith
- Decommissioning of Non-Nuclear Facilities - an Insight into the Process — A. Bloot, Applus+ RTD
- Restricted Clearance - PAH's Posing a Challenge ni Dismantling — S. Fleck, VKTA
Session 5 - Working Groups Reports - Conclusions and Recommendations
- Introduction to the Working Groups — S. Andresz, CEPN
- Report from Working Group 1a - How to apply the ALARA principle for workers for decommissioning and site remediation?
- Report from Working Group 1b - How to apply the ALARA principle for workers for decommissioning and site remediation?
- Report from Working Group 3 - The holistic approach: how to be ALARA in the context of other risks?
- Report from Working Group 4 - The challenges raised by waste and how to overcome?
- Conclusions and Recommendations (preliminary) — F. Vermeersch, SCK•CEN, J. Morgan, PHE and S. Andresz, CEPN
You can access here the 40th issue of the European ALARA Network Newsletter (pdf, 3 Mo). Articles deal with:
- The Conclusions and Recommendations from EAN workshop 17 on the application of ALARA in emergency exposure situations, S. Andresz (CEPN, France), J. Morgan (PHE, United Kingdom), F. Vermeersch (SCK•CEN, Belgium), P. Croüail (CEPN, France).
- Justification, Optimisation and Dose Limitation following Nuclear Accident - an ICRP Perspective, A. Nisbet (PHE, United Kingdom).
- Optimisation and Robustness of Intervention Strategy in Emergency Exposure Situations, S. Nestoroska Madjunarova, C. Robinson (IAEA).
- On the Use of Thyroid Shielding in Dental Radiography- Result of a Survey, S. Andresz (CEPN, France), J. Holroyd (PHE, United Kingdom).
- A Survey for the Young Generation in Radiation Protection.
- As usual: ALARA News and FAQ ALARA (Quiz).