Feed back experience shows that there is in Europe a need for Workshops which are neither a big congress nor a collection of working groups with lots of different meetings, but which over a few days provide a forum for a few dozen experts to exchange feedback experience and to identify problems that need further research or development. Therefore the Network has organised and will continue to organise such type of Workshop once a year.
The subject is selected in order to cover domains where the Network Steering Committee Group estimates that many improvements in terms of ALARA implementation may be found. All papers are invited presentations. To promote discussions, appropriate time is made available for work in small groups and the number attending the workshop is limited to a few dozens experts. The language of the Workshops is English.
At the end of each Workshop the chairpersons and the working groups propose to the participants some recommendations to the EC and national regulatory bodies and other stakeholders corresponding to the feedback from the sessions of the Workshop. These recommendations are validated by the Network Steering Committee Group and send to the Commission and to other appropriate stakeholders.
- "ALARA and Decommissioning", Saclay, France, December 1997
- "Good Radiation Practices in Industry and Research", Chilton, UK, November 1998
- "Managing Internal Exposure", Neuherberg, Germany, November 1999
- "Management of Occupational Radiological and Non-radiological Risks: Lessons to be Learned", Antwerp, Belgium, November 2000
- "Industrial Radiography: Improvements in Radiation Protection", Rome, Italy, October 2001
- "Occupational Exposure Optimisation in the Medical and the Radiopharmaceutical Sectors", Madrid, Spain, October 2002
- "Decommissiong of Installations and Site Remediation", Arnhem, The Netherlands, October 2003
- "Occupational Radiological Protection Control through Inspection and Self-assessment", Uppsala, Sweden, September 2004
- "Occupational Exposure to Natural Radiation", Augsburg, Germany, October 2005
- "Experience and new Developments in Implementing ALARA in Occupational, Patient and Public Exposures", Prague, Czech Republic, 12-15 September 2006
- "ALARA in Radioactive Waste Management", Athens, Greece, 9-11 April 2008
- "ALARA issues arising for Safety and Security of Radiation Sources and Security Screening Devices", Vienna, Austria, 21-23 October 2009
- "ALARA and the Medical Sector", Oscarborg Fortress, Norway, 7-10 June 2011
- "ALARA in existing exposure situations", Dublin Castle, Ireland, 4-6 September 2012
- "Improving ALARA Culture through Education and Training", Rovinj, Croatia, 7-9 May 2014
- "ALARA in Industrial Radiography", Bern, Switzerland, 14-16 March 2016
- "ALARA in Emergency Exposure Situations", Lisbon, Portugal, 15-17 May 2017
- "ALARA for Decommissioning and Site Remediation", Marcoule, France, 11-13 March 2019
- "Innovative ALARA Tools", Athens, Greece, 27-29 November 2019
18th European ALARA Network Workshop [organized in collaboration with ISOE], Marcoule, France, 11 – 13 March 2019
"ALARA in Decommissioning and Site Remediation"
The participants (ICSM Marcoule, 11th March 2019).
Aims and objectives
The objectives of the workshop were:
- To present the regulatory background and latest guidance and
- standards regarding radiation protection for decommissioning and site remediation; both in the nuclear and the non-nuclear sectors.
- To examine the conceptual and the practical aspects of the optimisation (ALARA) principle in these fields for workers and the public. The workshop aims at gathering a large array of experience and feedback from work performed in nuclear installations, installations outside the nuclear fuel cycle (ex. research facilities) and legacy sites.
- To discuss and investigate selected key themes and overriding issues with regard to ALARA; to identify remaining needs and perspectives.
The workshop was jointly organized with the ISOE Working Group on Decommissioning (WG-DECOM).
The final programme is available here. As part of the programme, time was devoted for discussions in working groups between participants. A technical visit of Marcoule installations was organized.
Session 1 - Setting the scene
- CEA Marcoule Activities and Project — J.M. Carrere, CEA Marcoule
- The EAN in Collaboration in ISOE - Former EAN workshops on the theme — F. Vermeersch, SCK•CEN, EAN Chair
- ALARA in Decommissioning, the Point of View of ISOE WGDECOM — L. Vaillant, CEPN
- IAEA Safety standards for decommissioning and remediation, and their application — J. Rowat, International Atomic Energy Agency
- Creation of NEA Committee on Decommissioning and Legacy Management — G. Kwong, NEA
- Regulatory Requirements for Radiation Protection in Decommissioning in Germany — B. Rehs, BfE
Session 2 - ALARA for decommissioning and remediation of nuclear installations
- Scenarios and Strategy for Dismantling Hot Cell M2 at LHMA Installation, Mol — P. Antoine, SCK•CEN
- The Decommissioning of a Low Flux Reactor — F. Draaisma, NRG
- ALARA Approach Dismantling Pit 7 — F. Petitot, CEA & C. Durain, Orano
- Radiological Characterization to Lay the Foundation of ALARA. Experience from Mühleberg NPP — E. Neukäter, BKW
- The Decommissioning of Research Installations at CIEMAT in Madrid — J. C. Saez Vergara, CSN
- The site remediation of the FBFC fuel cycle facility in Dessel, Belgium — C. Mommaert, Bel V
- Full System Decontamination under ALARA Point of View — M. Knaack, TüV Nord
Session 3 - ALARA for decommissioning and remediation of site outside the nuclear sector
- The Radium Action Plan in Switzerland — M. Palacios, SFOPH
- Remediation of a Former Gas Mantle Factory Contaminated with Radioactive Thorium-232 — A. Lowe, PHE
- Radiation Protection in the Management of Radioactive Geological Material in Private Buildings — J. Amoudruz, IRSN
- Remediation and Release of the Randstad Uranium Mining and Milling Site — H. Efraimsson, SSM
Session 4 - Transversal issues: holistic approach and waste
- Mixed Alpha/Asbestos Risk Management at EDF DP2D— G. Ranchoux, EDF
- Choosing a Strategy for Waste: Recycling? Disposal? Experience from an Italian Agency — R. Rusconi, ARPA Lombardia
- Risk Management for Legacy Sites and Wastes: Implications for Proportionate Risk Management and a Graded Approach to Risk Assessment — G. Smith
- Decommissioning of Non-Nuclear Facilities - an Insight into the Process — A. Bloot, Applus+ RTD
- Restricted Clearance - PAH's Posing a Challenge ni Dismantling — S. Fleck, VKTA
Session 5 - Working Groups Reports - Conclusions and Recommendations
- Introduction to the Working Groups — S. Andresz, CEPN
- Report from Working Group 1a - How to apply the ALARA principle for workers for decommissioning and site remediation?
- Report from Working Group 1b - How to apply the ALARA principle for workers for decommissioning and site remediation?
- Report from Working Group 3 - The holistic approach: how to be ALARA in the context of other risks?
- Report from Working Group 4 - The challenges raised by waste and how to overcome?
- Conclusions and Recommendations (preliminary) — F. Vermeersch, SCK•CEN, J. Morgan, PHE and S. Andresz, CEPN